A short guide to terms describing the main types of cyber and data privacy risks and incidents taking place today.

  • Cyber attack – a malicious attempt to damage, disrupt or gain unauthorised or illegal access to computer systems, networks or devices
  • Cyber warfare – the actions by a nation-state or international organisation to attack and attempt to damage or destroy another nation’s computers or information networks.
  • Cyber espionage – the stealing of secrets stored in digital formats or on computers and IT networks.
  • Data breach – an incident in which data, computer systems or networks are accessed or affected in unauthorised or illegal manner.
  • Data leak – the transfer of sensitive or confidential information to unauthorised parties within or outside the organisation.
  • Data loss – the process in which information is destroyed by failure or neglect in transmission, processing or by cybercriminal hands.

A more comprehensive cyber glossary can be found on the UK’s Get Safe Online programme.

 

 


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